“We shall walk together on this path of life, for all things are part of the universe ,and are connected with each other to form one whole unity ”- Maria Montessori
Dr. Maria Montessori began her career as an educator of children working with a group of fifty children, three-to-five years olds, on January 6th, 1907 in the city of Rome. She had at her disposal an untrained assistant, a room, a bit of furniture and development materials to aid sense perception which she had previously used when working with mentally handicapped children. Those children who were older had to be encouraged before their interest was aroused. Once enticed to used the materials, their attention was volatile. Dr. Montessori was astonished to see that the little ones, however, were intensely attracted by the materials, working spontaneously and repeatedly with them in total concentration.
Being a scientist, Dr. Montessori observed and responded to this phenomenon of spontaneous work generated by the apparatus, Little by little, through the experimental process of trial and error, she created a highly specialized form of apparatus, which to the child afforded a source of profound satisfaction. In addition, she provided an environment suited to and respectful of the children's inherent characteristics, "the prepared environment."
Out of this experimental foundation, the Montessori Method of Education evolved. Observing the quality of interaction between the children and their environment, and the choice or rejection of materials placed at the children's disposal, Dr. Montessori formulated a comprehensive science of human life in all its aspects and manifestations.
Montessori education is fundamentally a model of human development, and an educational approach based on that model. The model has two basic elements. First, children and developing adults engage in psychological self-construction by means of interaction with their environments. Second, children, especially under the age of six, have an innate path of psychological development. Based on her observations, Montessori believed that children at liberty to choose and act freely within an environment prepared according to her model would act spontaneously for optimal development.
SENSORIAL: Scientifically designed apparatus presented to the children to aid in their development and enhances the training of the senses.
MATHEMATICS: Young children need a lot of experience in counting and have to understand that number represents a quantity; the maths equipment is presented in such a manner that the child enjoys working with it and has a firm foundation at a young age.
LANGUAGE: Special activities are presented to children with emphasis on presentation of phonetics first and a detailed and novel method of learning grammar.
CHILD DEVELOPMENT: A study of the child's physical, mental, social, emotional traits and needs.
CHILD PSYCHOLOGY: Understanding the factors influencing the development of child's personality methods of dealing with difficult and stubborn children, the role of motivation.